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dc.creatorTEIXEIRA, Bráulio B. A.-
dc.creator.Latteshttp://lattes.cnpq.br/9946712755201606por
dc.contributor.advisor1PALHAO, Miller M. P.-
dc.contributor.advisor1Latteshttp://lattes.cnpq.br/8611055075595919por
dc.contributor.referee1FERNANDES, Carlos C. A. C.-
dc.contributor.referee1Latteshttp://lattes.cnpq.br/2498099058350026por
dc.contributor.referee2OBERLENDER, Guilherme G.-
dc.contributor.referee2Latteshttp://lattes.cnpq.br/9313083762024921por
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-11T21:32:53Z-
dc.date.issued2017-09-04-
dc.identifier.citationTEIXEIRA, Bráulio B. A.. Diagnóstico de infecção uterina em bovinos utilizando vaginoscopia e ultrassonografia. 2017. 41f. Dissertação( Programa de Mestrado em Reprodução, Sanidade e Bem-estar Animal) - Universidade José do Rosário Vellano, Alfenas .por
dc.identifier.urihttp://tede2.unifenas.br:8080/jspui/handle/jspui/202-
dc.description.resumoObjetivou-se comparar a eficiência de dois métodos (vaginoscopia e ultrassonografia) para diagnóstico de endometrite clínica em vacas leiteiras. Foram utilizadas 142 vacas de rebanhos comerciais do sul de Minas, submetidas aos dois métodos de diagnóstico, ultrassonografia e vaginoscopia (padrão ouro), entre 20 e 40 dias pós-parto. Avaliou-se o período de serviço e a taxa de concepção na primeira inseminação nos animais com ou sem endometrite diagnosticados pela vaginoscopia, bem como a sensibilidade e a especificidade da ultrassonografia para o diagnóstico de endometrite clínica, analisados pelo teste do qui-quadrado, enquanto para análise das variáveis foi utilizado o teste de Wilcoxon. A ocorrência de endometrite foi de 36% (n=51), sendo que as vacas diagnosticadas positivas na vaginoscopia apresentaram maior período de serviço (120,87 ± 45,95 dias) que os animais negativos (102,05 ± 45,69 dias). Os animais positivos na vaginoscopia tiveram menor taxa de concepção no primeiro serviço 37,2% (n=51), comparados com os animais negativos 44,3% (n=88). A ultrassonografia apresentou baixa sensibilidade (47,1%) comparada com a vaginoscopia, que foi considerada método “GOLD”, e mostrou-se um método com pouca capacidade de diagnosticar animais positivos, mas com boa especificidade (79,1%). Observou-se que 13% dos casos de endometrite clínica considerados negativos na vaginoscopia, foram positivos na ultrassonografia, provavelmente devido os animais apresentarem cérvix fechada, o que impede a presença de secreção uterina no exame de vaginoscopia. Associando animais não diagnosticados positivos pela vaginoscopia e a baixa sensibilidade do exame ultrassonográfico, o ideal é utilizar o método combinado (associação da vaginoscopia e ultrassonografia) para diagnosticar endometrite clínica, o que resultou em boa acurácia (86,6%). O exame ultrassonográfico é capaz de diagnosticar animais positivos que passam despercebidos na vaginoscopia. A utilização do método combinado como padrão ouro para o diagnóstico de infecção uterina aumentou a identificação de animais positivos para endometrite.por
dc.description.abstractThe objective of this study was to compare the efficiency of two methods (vaginoscopy and ultrasonography) for the diagnosis of clinical endometritis. A total of 142 cows from commercial herds from south of Minas Gerais were submitted to two methods of diagnosis, ultrasonography and vaginoscopy (gold standard), between 20 and 40 days postpartum. The period of service and the conception rate at the first insemination in animals with or without endometritis diagnosed by vaginoscopy, as well as the sensitivity and specificity of the ultrasonography for the diagnosis of clinical endometritis, analyzed by the chi-square test, while the Wilcoxon test was used to analyze the variables. The incidence of endometritis was 36% (n=51), cows diagnosed positive in vaginoscopy had a longer service period (120,87 ± 45,95 days) than the negative animals (102,05 ± 45,69 days). Positive animals in vaginoscopy had a lower rate of conception in the first service, 37,2% (n=51), compared with the negative animals 44,3% (n=88). Ultrasonography showed low sensitivity (47.1%) compared to vaginoscopy, which is considered a gold standard method, and was a poorly diagnosed method for diagnosing positive animals, but with good specificity (79.1%). It was observed that 13% of cases of clinical endometritis considered negative in vaginoscopy were positive on ultrasonography, probably because the animals had closed cervix and uterine secretion absent in vaginoscopy examination. Associating undiagnosed animals positive for vaginoscopy and low sensitivity of ultrasound examination, the ideal is to use the combined method (association of vaginoscopy and ultrasonography) to diagnose clinical endometritis, which resulted in good accuracy (86.6%). Ultrasound examination is able to diagnose positive animals that go unnoticed in vaginoscopy. The use of the combined method as a gold standard for the diagnosis of uterine infection increased the identification of animals positive for endometritiseng
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dc.description.provenanceMade available in DSpace on 2019-02-11T21:32:53Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Bráulio_Araújo_ Teixeira.pdf: 602975 bytes, checksum: fd32569dcfb17f27c89dcc8ae124f231 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2017-09-04eng
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dc.languageporpor
dc.publisherUniversidade José do Rosário Vellanopor
dc.publisher.departmentPós-Graduaçãopor
dc.publisher.countryBrasilpor
dc.publisher.initialsUNIFENASpor
dc.publisher.programPrograma de Mestrado em Reprodução, Sanidade e Bem-estar Animalpor
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dc.rightsAcesso Abertopor
dc.subjectEficiência reprodutiva,endometrite,pós-parto,vacas leiteiraspor
dc.subjectDairy cows,endometrits,postpartum,reproductive efficiencyeng
dc.subject.cnpqCIENCIAS AGRARIAS::MEDICINA VETERINARIApor
dc.titleDiagnóstico de infecção uterina em bovinos utilizando vaginoscopia e ultrassonografiapor
dc.typeDissertaçãopor
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